Vitamin And Mineral Dosages And Safety
A review ofl vitamin and mineral dose-comparison studies showing what nutrient doses are effective and not effective. Also contains a table of conservative US Government definitions of what doses are known to be safe and what doses have a potential for toxicity.
1. The vitamins or minerals don't exhibit their optimal effects because the dosage is too low;
2. A threshold effective dosage and optimal dosage range where the nutrient works in the body safely and exhibits its optimal effects with no potential for toxicity. Typically, this threshold dosage is equivalent to the National Academy of Sciences' Institute of Medicine's No Observed Adverse Effect Level (NOAEL);
3. A dosage called the Lowest Observed Adverse Effect Level (LOAEL) where long-term usage might cause problems defined as toxicity "rarely" for "some sensitive subgroups" of people;
4. A Minimum Toxic Dose (MTD), which is so high that one dose can cause some kind of toxicity, called a side-effect.
While side-effects or overdoses for some doctor-prescribed drugs can cause death, nutrients at their Minimum Toxic Dose do not cause death, but cause some kind of problem.
The US Government Poison Control Centers' 10-year report showed no deaths from vitamins; 2584 deaths per year from over-the-counter (OTC) drugs, like aspirin; and over 1,000,000 deaths from doctor-prescribed drugs.
Prescription drugs cause more deaths per year than handguns or automobile accidents.
The logical extension of these facts adds up to vitamins being something like a million times safer than prescription drugs. MM